This paper is an exegesis of the book of Romans chapter five verses twelve to twenty one. According to “exegesis” (2006), an exegesis should is defined as, “the process of uncovering the literal meaning of a text”. Further clarification puts much emphasis on the original meaning as opposed to personal interpretation: “what the text meant to the original, historical audience”  In accordance to this definitions, this exegesis will depict the verses above as they were original intended without any personal interpretation. The exegesis is introduced with a simple outline after the paper proceeds to give the deep meaning as it was meant to be.

According to Herick (n.d), the book of Romans chapter five verses twelve to twenty one can broken down into three simple sections: all have sinned through the sin committed by Adam; death was brought through Adam as a result of the sin and Life has been brought by Christ by dying on the cross; and lastly that there is triumph over sin and law through grace. Herrick (n.d.) is of the view that this portion f the bible bring out the idea of, “death through Adam and life through Christ” according to Martin (1989), the author of this book Paul tries to show the initiation of sin through Adam and initiation of salvation through Christ. Moo (1996) titles the exposition of the verses above, “the reign of Grace and life”.  Simply speaking therefore the verses of this chapter tries to show a transition from condemnation to death because of a sin which was by Adam to triumph of the same condemnation through the death of Christ. Moo (1996) views this portion as, “a ‘bird’s-eye’ picture of the history of redemption.” The paper will use the simple outline given by Herrick (n.d.) to expound on the verses of chapter five by integrating in the views of Moo (1996) and Martin (1989).

The first section according to Herrick (n.d.) consists of the verses twelve to fourteen. This section simply tries to show that through Adam mankind has sinned. Verse twelve explains the connection of Adam’s sin to the world. Moo (1996) puts emphasis that the text in this verse applies to all mankind as there is no mention of, “Jew and Gentile” therefore meaning that all of them have been classified under the, “human being category.” Verses 13 to 14b try to show the fact that there is a universal death before the law. Verse 14c shows” that Adam is a type of the coming one.”

This section ideally shows the victory of Christ. The first section having shown the origin of sin and death through Adam the second section is bringing in the solution created in the first section. The second section is covered by verses 15 to verse 19. The section is can be viewed as section which makes comparisons between matters of life and death more bring into a close range the comparison of Adam and Christ as the initiator of death and life respectively. 

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