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There are ethical codes which govern record keeping. There is a great need for systematic documentation in counseling and psychotherapy. This is because confidentiality of the highest standard is required. Well written documents or records are very useful in protecting the practitioners against false accusations. At times many crimes are committed by clients and if the practitioner fails to keep a record of whatever happened they may be sued for illegal practices through false allegations. Besides that proper recorded documents are essential for proper treatment plans, correct diagnosis as well as clinical interventions. In case of a lawsuit a well documented record can be used by the supervisor to demonstrate good faith and professionalism in assisting the client in question. Therefore it is very important for trainees and students to be effectively taught on maintenance of succinct, accurate and germane records. There many complex issues which can be effectively dealt with by using a properly kept record (Luepker and Norton, 2003: 112).

It is very important for routine collaboration of trainees and students on record keeping. This is essential because it helps practitioners to a very great extend. This training is important for proper management skills which require appropriate recording of the patient’s documents. By using recorded information practitioners and supervisors are able to identify the problems and progress of the patient. This information is beneficial for development of appropriate objectives and goals for the necessary therapy. Review of practitioner’s records improves supervision because the supervisors are able to indentify some of the problems. The client has some communication laws which allow him to choose if his records can be used in court or no. therefore proper recording is of great benefit to this professional practice.

The underlying tenets and relevant codes of ethics. Ethical awareness is an active process which is mostly continuous. Personal responsibility and frequent questioning characterizes it. Personal responsibility can greatly be hindered by the many challenges which characterize this practice. Therefore it is important for a practitioner to continue being alert and mindful of the ethical implications which may result. Awareness of the legal standards and awareness of ethical codes is extremely important. The set standards and codes are meant to inform the necessary parties. Therefore this code can never prevent the many challenges which arise as well as the resulting complex situations. The clients and practitioners are unique in their own aspects as well as the underlying situation because it keeps evolving. The set standards and codes identify some methods and approaches which are considered to be ethical though they don’t mention the specific method or approach to be followed. Despite the fact that the existing practitioners are competent and committed to the required ethical behavior it is important to realize that they are bound to make some mistakes.

A research which was carried out on ethical decision making process indicated that most ethical decisions which are made have low personal components. Due to the expansion of the field there is need for additional content models. Some of the models which can be of great benefit are those which promote moral sensitivity. Also a model which reduces client circumstances objectification can be very beneficial. Ethical decisions are usually based on the available ethical principles. Therefore ethical decision which receives much support from a number of the outlined principles with no contradiction is considered suitable for the underlying situation. Practitioners often come across situations which cannot be resolved by many of the existing principles therefore they are usually forced to make decisions basing on a relevant principle. A course of action that may be followed by a given practitioner usually does not become unethical if that is not what many practitioners would have settled for.


One of the obligations which all practitioners have is to critically look into the circumstance with a lot of caution and appropriately settle for a decision which they will be accountable for. Ethical issues can be appropriately solved if the practitioner is trustworthy and honest. Therefore practitioners who possess this quality usually make decisions in accordance to the bestowed trust. Such practitioners always keep the acquired information confidential in respect to the clients gained trust. Practitioners also put a lot of emphasis on client’s personal initiative in participation during the psychotherapy and counseling sessions. Practitioners usually ensure accuracy in displayed or advertised information by giving relevant and adequate information in order for them to respect the client’s autonomy. Suitable ethical decisions are those which are aimed at promoting the well being of the client. Despite the ethical decision reached at the practitioner should ensure that the client is not harmed. The code of ethics was primarily made to ensure the safety of the client (Horton and Feltham 2006, 181).

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