During the period between May and July, the department has recorded an increase in the number of crimes recorded. Taking a sample of three crime areas which include offences against people and property, and traffic accidents; it was observe that the increase in some of the crimes was higher than in others. Traffic accidents registered the highest increase in the number of offenses, while the increase in the number of offenses against property was minimal. It was noted that, during the month of July, person to person offences reduced drastically from their peak in June. During the three months, most of the crimes that were reported involved property offenses while the least number of crimes were offenses against persons.
The drastic rise in the number of traffic offenses demonstrates laxity in the traffic section of the policing department. This leads to lawlessness among the drivers who then end up causing more accidents. The anarchy on the roads includes over speeding, drunk driving, and unlawful parking. The rate of increase in the number of property crimes remained relatively stable as the other forms of crimes registered higher rates. This type of crime might have been kept under control through the engagement of the private security by property owners. The big drop in person to person crimes during the month of July could have been as a result of steps taken by the members of the community on their own to address the rapid rise that was witnessed in the month of June.
Most traffic offenses results from carelessness and refusal to acknowledge the rights of other people who may be using the same road as the offenders. In most cases, and when the crime is not serious, offenders are punished through instant fining. However, in this case the law enforcement officers seem to have neglected their duties. This makes the offenders take advantage of the situation, which leads to increased crimes. These crimes are avoidable, and all that is required is extra care, attention, and respect on the roads. With the help of the police, the roads can become safer for use. Most of the offenders who involve themselves with crime against people and property are habitual criminals who may at times be dangerous. Such crimes mostly lead to incarceration. The increase in these crimes causes the biggest strain to the society due to the risks involved. To tackle them, there need to be increased professionalism and motivation among the members of the police department as they are more challenging to tackle.
The supervisors need to act as the emotional guide to their constables because this would be the biggest motivator for them to deliver. To do this, the supervisors ought to have been informing the constables about the developments taking place at the department as this would also have encouraged them to give their views on various issues to enable the department to operate as a unit.
Communication plays a vital role during performance management in any organisation. Effective communication between all stakeholders improves performance as problems due to misunderstanding are reduced. Whenever the content of communication is dismal, the resulting situation may be open crashes between the juniors and seniors. The crash of opinions results into reduced performance. In the policing department, it has been observed that the supervisors utilize means of communication that are not effective in conveying clear instruction. This results in lack of order when the constables are performing their duties. The supervisors lack the capacity to improve their communication with the constables which serves to further disintegrate the policing department. Disintegration results because the constables are not clearly informed to what degree they are required to perform so that the division can achieve its goals. The supervisors do not recognize the opportunities that better communication presents. They don’t inquire what hindrances cause poor performance. Strangely, the supervisors are always the last to realize that a problem exists. This happens due to poor communication, and it demonstrates that, whenever information is not flowing downwards within the police department, it also does not flow upwards in an effective manner.
The supervisors fail to appreciate the achievements of the constables. Whenever they notice voices of dissent, they scorn the dissenters in a manner that portrays them as worthless in the department. This leads to resentment as the constables feel unwanted, and out of desperation, they seek revenge by neglecting their duties. Whenever the constables achieve clear victory, the supervisors claim that the triumph has been attained through their efforts. They fail to recognize the constables who are the people on the ground. This makes the constables develop feelings of resentment, and this make them seek to jeopardize the operations of the department which then leads to increased crime rate.
In fact, the real statistics of the crimes committed are usually higher than those that are reported. The reason behind the low-level reporting is the citizenry belief that there is insufficient report follow-up by the police. People find little need in reporting the crimes that won’t be investigated to have the perpetrators prosecuted. The officers in the policing department probably lack the capacity or the will to exhaustively conduct investigations. One reason is that conducting investigation is expensive and, time consuming. These two main challenges to investigation require the investigating officer to be motivated, supported, and well remunerated. In scenarios when the officers lack motivation, they are unable to dig in for evidence that can help in convicting an offender.
Report examination and follow-up in this department is not done by trained professionals with the knowledge of how to handle the evidence without contaminating it. Without the necessary knowledge, the police investigators are instantly put off by the challenges once the investigations starts. This makes them avoid future investigations, a position that gives the impression that the report follow-up does not exist. Another cause for insufficient follow-up is the challenging work load that the officers have. They are insufficient in number, and each of them is overworked. This means that they cannot have the initiative of giving the reports an extra attention. When the number of reports builds up, the huge task discourages them to consider attempting any of the report.
The rise in crime rate is also attributable to deficient evidence that is corrected from the witnesses and the victims of crime. In most cases, it is hard to win cooperation from the witnesses who fears wasting too much time with a case that does not concern them. The witnesses may also shy away from giving a detailed account of an event as they may think that this might implicate them in some way. On the other hand, the victims of crime may be traumatized. When this is the case, they are certainly unable to give useful information to the police officers who are recording statements. This presents challenges that make justice hard to attain.
In some cases, the department has had to wait indefinitely for the victims’ report, especially in instances where the victims remains in a coma for an extended period of time. The department has sometimes forced to disregard the need to wait for the victim’s side of the story, and opted to continue with seeking justice using the rest of the evident pieces. Such decisions usually lead to losing of a case which would otherwise have lead to the conviction of the offender. Other instances are when the victims of crime faces intimidation and blackmail from the offenders which makes them to avoid more mental torture through withholding some information about the offenders. This presents challenge to the officers since these bits of information might be necessary to ensure successful conviction of the criminal.
Sometimes, the victims withhold so much information arguing that it is private. In cases such as rape and other sexual assaults, most of the female victims find it hard to recount the settings under which they occurred. Other victims see o need to undergo the process of seeking justice, since it won’t reverse the damage that was caused by the crime. These actions make crime deterrence difficult, and people continue committing crimes unabated which advances suffering in the community.
Identification of the Criminal
Among the best methods of dealing with crime commences with establishing the identities of criminals. This will enable the policing department to monitor their activities and movement more effectively, and establish which crime triggers in the community leads to the execution of their crimes. Knowing the criminals will help in tracking down their associates and establishing their modus operandi. The establishment of the modus operandi will enable the policing department to effectively associate a crime with a certain individual which narrows the search and raises the chances of success.
Knowing the criminals also helps in downgrading the danger they pose to the community and to the members of the policing department. For example, dealing with the armed and dangerous criminals requires extra caution than when dealing with petty offenders who causes less harm to society. Additionally, informing the neighbors about the criminal history of an offender assists them to remain on guard. Such a method would be necessary especially when the criminal is a habitual sex-offender who targets the children. The knowledge of a criminal may be used to censor him, for example, by banning him from some areas that are likely to trigger criminal intent. A habitual child offender may, for example, be banned from school compounds; children play fields, and parks. This helps in deterring criminality, and saves the society a lot of resources that are required in seeking justice against the offender.
Crime Prevention Plan
Crimes have harassed societies for so many years. The harassment results from the battle between anti social behavior and law observance. To comprehend crime and the dangerous influence it has on the society, it would be necessary to try understanding man also various crime triggers. There are diverse factors that cause crime, and the diversity exists because human beings are complicated and the environment changes so intricately. However, the understanding of man and crime triggers is beneficial when laying down the crime prevention strategy.
To tackle the deteriorating crime statistics, my crime prevention plan would include the community responsibility in ensuring crime reduction. This plan will lead to what is termed as “community policing”. The plan will require every member of the community to do his/her part in enforcing the society’s ethical standards. All interested members of the community are invited to make contributions on how they think the crime should be tackled. They should ensure that children are taught good morals right from the time that they are young to enable them have less difficulty in behaving ethically when the grow up. Additionally, I would encourage more funding for the law enforcement agencies to enable them carry substantive investigations that are aimed at seeking justice for the victims. These agencies should be well coordinated, and ensure that their staffs are adequately trained to enable them undertake their roles with utmost perfection.
My crime prevention plan would focus on correction rather than punishment, especially when the crime is a petty offense which has been committed by a first offender. To ensure that the criminals and the victims are contented, I would prefer a method used in seeking justice to be the one that promotes dialogue, and that teaches us to learn how to solve our problems by discussing them. I value dialogue as it’s a mode of construction, self-evaluation, and correction. Dialogue ensures awareness, mutual advice and consultation thereby minimizing discrepancy. Through dialogue, errors are corrected and insufficiencies handled in a systematic and educational manner. This method enriches a community with academic and religious knowledge. In this regard, I favour a method called “restorative justice” as it’s an approach to justice which emphasis on correction rather than punishment in a way that encourages togetherness, making it a source of peace and prosperity in any community. I like it since it is a cooperative process requiring the active participation of the victims where the offenders are encouraged to take responsibility for their action.