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Several passages that are found in "Sonny's Blues" show generally that, the immediate environment of Harlem is witness to a battle between evil and good. The narrator expresses Sonny's close exchanges with evil that is evident in drugs and crime, and also in his assertive trials to distance him from the darker sides. Streets and communities of Harlem are portrayed as being a hostile environment that claims the lives of numerous who have struggled in protest of the constant attractiveness of emotional escape by drugs, and monetary escape through crime (Sonny B, 2004).

Sonny’s parents, just like any other in Harlem, have made attempts to distance their young ones from the dark ways of their society. Nevertheless, these parents are all aware that their children will have an opportunity to make decision on their own. Each kid will eventually get into the ranks of all other people in society that fights the war against the evil at the individual level so cleanly taken to life by Baldwin. Between all the chaos’s, Blues' is introduced to a special classified weapon alongside the pressures of the life—Jazz.  Baldwin shows jazz as a two-edged sword that is capable of showing intense emotions, but also as a presenting serious danger to any individual who might bear it. Right through the story, the person who reads follows Sonny's present and past skirmishes with the evil, his defeats and his triumphs. By the use of metaphorical factors like jazz and drugs in a war that symbolize setting, Baldwin has shown the focus of evil and good to work in the heart of "Sonny's Blues."

At some points in this story, Baldwin shows the swiftness at which residents of Harlem fall towards the pull of evil. The Harlem’s children are shown as often turning " evil or disrespectful or hard, the way the children can, so quick and so quick, particularly in Harlem". These kids can be related directly to the soldiers in a war. Thoughts of standardized gruff and packs speech gets to mind; even the shade-filled courtyard during which the teachers surpass "quickly, as if he or she could not wait to move out" can be predictable as a setting of a silent war in progress. The learners are all at risk due to the same fortune that befell Sonny's uncle.

The hit-and-run occurrence which leads to his death was one of the anticipated casualties of the fight unfolding around Sonny. Everyone is aware that an individual may fall at any moment, but as it was described in the sitting room scene of years before of how hardships could not be mentioned. There in is the critical error of the insufficient touching expression, which is to be described some other time by the section that deals with jazz. As it relates to the scene of the war, Sonny brother seems to lack emotions as indicated by his glimpses on the barmaid who was about her life at work. The brother, also one of the narrators of the story, sees "her face as she merrily react to something that someone had said to her, still sparing some time to the music. As she smiled she saw the little girl, one had sensed the predestined, still-struggling lady beneath the scruffy face of semi-whore". Mainly, the word "doomed" stands out strongly. Viewed through diverse glasses, she would just as simply be a young soldier who is lost in a world of terror and attempting to live in the strength of an experienced fighter. Both of these instances demonstrate the way Baldwin portrays Harlem as a real war-torn community. These individuals had unwittingly drafted that day they were born. As children from the school, they were already out on the actual battlefield dodging alcohol, drugs and crime involvement. As it was previously said, Sonny has really crafted a specific weapon for him to use it out on the battle that has taken root in Harlem

The jazz, that Sonny has started using to his benefit, is not a very safe weapon for holding. Due to use of drug, the jazz group is explained as a very unstable one. Sonny asserts that drugs such as heroin are made "In order to move away from the shaking to pieces”. The concerned tone of the narrator says, "But your friends ...seem to shudder themselves to the pieces pretty goddamn at fast”. The drugs are portrayed as a real gray zone among good and evil. Similarly, they are used by the musicians of jazz to help in expanding their music and also broaden the ability that they have to express emotions all through. Alternatively, the same drugs has really claimed that the lives of a number of players who decided to take one step a bit far into taking drugs and giving in to the tendencies heroin addiction (Making Arguments about Literature, 2005). This classic deal of -playing with fire- does an elegantly good job at making the conflict to deepen. On page 88, Sonny wonders about jazz artist who takes heroin. In his words, Sonny laments that “Some people, you can really tell from the way they perform that they are under some influence all the same. In addition, Sonny believes that drugs like heroin makes its users feel great. At the same time, Sonny close observation of the people of Harlem indicates his understanding of the challenge that people like the jazz artist face.  In fact, Sonny sees each of the jazz musicians as desiring for a light at end of a tunnel, "something that is real", but this drives them close to their destructions.

Towards the very last part of the story, one more musician, Creole, makes Sonny’s life a bit round by coaxing him right into "deep water". One year after the Sonny's last experience of piano; he is going to play at a neighboring club in a small but extremely talented team of jazz musicians. In the book, Sonny's prospect direction is completely unclear. The person who reads has not been given the indication of whether he is leaning towards the heroin that ruined him one year ago, or whether or not he has the power to resist a relapse (Sonny, 1996).

Creole, who is the lead fiddler, is in the group of the artistically control, and as the story goes, he actually symbolically decide to take Sonny out to the open. The openness that is represented by an ocean is a metaphor that is vital to the expression that Sonny needs to begin getting control over his real life (Sonny B, 2002). Accurately described, Creole hopes for "Sonny to apart from the shoreline and strike from the deep water". When at long last Sonny is taken out into the open, Creole wishes that he gets Godspeed and proceeds allowing Sonny to musically create the tale of his past: "Fingers of Sonny filled the space with life, his life". This towering plateau of appearance is the untainted complement to the effects of heroin. This is the main turning point in this story: the position at which Sonny’s triumphs over the dim side and at last finds a very firm grip between the freedom-fighting military of Harlem.

All these symbolical particulars are brought together in "Sonny's Blues" to bring up a meaning that is non-literal directly underneath the words. What result is a much enriched message of the urban struggles for happiness, expression and chemical independence? Eventually, Sonny's revival brings into conclusion the readers' fictional tour of the world in which he usually live. With what seems to look like a start full of hardships, Sonny emerges with a triumph in the story.

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