The Sources of Stigma essay

There is stigma associated with bisexual behaviors which causes the affected individuals to keep their secrets to themselves and their partners. The sources of stigma are religion, westernization and expected discrimination (Paludi, 2009). The stigma will force individuals to hide their true identity among the community members choosing to work in their own secrecy. The resulting effect of this secrecy to the entire community is the lack of knowledge of existence of these sexual behaviors. Thus the failure to accept the existence of bisexual behaviors will be justified.

The other issue is relating to those who are already married and death happens to the senior spouse. There is no law that gives benefits to the bisexual partners to inherit properties and benefit from taxes just as married heterosexuals benefit. There is a significant risk for the surviving partner to lose wealth in case they did not own the properties under their own names (Gates, 2004). This means that failure to be recognized by law will discourage them from coming public of their personalities which will have little or no impact on their welfare. Thus the lack of acceptance on the existence of bisexuals is because they actually do not go public.

The lack of information on the bisexual individuals has been caused by several barriers of study. Therefore the phenomenon is under-researched leading to limited availability of information which is not sufficient for people to draw conclusions as to whether to accept or not. These barriers include lack of clear definition for the term. It is difficult to exactly determine who to treat as a bisexual individual. The questions are not clear; is it a male hustler who maintains exclusive romantic relations with women by day and markets himself to men by night? Those who just desire same and opposite sexual fantasies but never act on both of them? These are just but a few desperate cases which raises questions as to whether there is a single phenomenon that we can speak of it being bisexuality (Fairyington, 2010). Therefore lack of the exact definition has made researchers not to carry out satisfactory research on the subject.

A second barrier that has limited studies is the problem that many people who are bisexual do not actually identify themselves as such. The failure for identity becomes so difficult for the researchers to obtain the target sample for research purposes. The problem which accelerates this identity problem is the disapproval from by heterosexual as well as gay and lesbian community. The gays and lesbians are not ready to date a person who is bisexual because they believe that they have an ever existing temptation to go straight. These have created a scenario where bisexuals actually do not find communities where they can be embraced as they themselves. There is lack of bisexual bars, community centers, organizations thus aggravating the situation making research on the same not to be sufficient (Fairyington, 2010).

Some researchers then decided to drop the bisexual identity and use behavioral characteristics in their research without referring them as bisexual. With that the research was possible but the other challenge is getting the sample representative of population. It is difficult to get a sample that gives a complete representation of a population. For instance, a sample obtained from a group of gays can only be used in that context. What many researchers have settled is the use of non probability samples which include data from clinics as well as members of accessible organizations (Fairyington, 2010). Thus the lack of population representative samples has caused the researchers not to provide conclusive data on the bisexuals thus they remain to be clouded in hidden mystery.

The other barrier is lack of sheer funding for the research. The few scientists who are serious in finding out the phenomenon lack finds to conduct research. The already conducted research were either funded by the researchers themselves or got partial funding which was later withdrawn. The proposals for funding could not pass approval votes because  of the tight economic climate where there is more valuable research projects to be funded as compared to a ambiguous bisexuality. With the suspension of already started funding the projects shut the research operations completely leading to lack of research results. The researchers have been forced to seek alternative funding from pharmaceutical firms, limiting the scope of their research. The issue has been concentrated on medical issues rather than the psychological aspect of sex (Fairyington, 2010). Thus the lack of information causes the general public not to accept the existence of bisexuals in the society.

The other boundary to research is that the society recognizes only two terms either heterosexual or homosexual. There is no thinking between the two binary terms thus it has limited the research since most respondents would not prefer answering questions related to bisexuality. The society has heavily guarded the boundary between homosexuality and heterosexuality which the bisexuals are almost eroding. Thus the research is not adequate as it poses a threat to heterosexuality which a lot of straight people feel secure and would want the barrier maintained. The fear is that increased research on bisexuality exposes its prevalence to the general public which could reduce the dominance of hetero-versus-homo monolith and create a new notion of what it means to be a male or a female (Fairyington, 2010). Thus this barrier is defending the information from being available which could change society’s perception.

There has been limited information about the bisexuality of men as compared to women. There are articles that have been written on the bi women in relation to lesbianism. This has left minimal information to be understood in the male bisexuality making it rather difficult to believe that there is existence of bisexual marriages. Some books have lumped the gays and bisexual men together whenever they document on their sexuality. The resulting effect is the ambiguity given to the bisexual aspect of men. The lack of reading materials concerning the male bisexuality has caused the lack of understanding and the ultimate acceptance (Beemyn & Steinman, 2001).

The concept of bisexuality has had little careful and serious consideration in the news media, literature and films (Beemyn & Steinman, 2001). The several people rely on these channels for information on day to day activities. However, where the information is not forthcoming, it leaves the population in the dark concerning bisexuality resulting in their lack of acceptance.

Although there has been lack of information creating limited publicity of bisexual activities, the scientists have tried to explain why these sexuality traits are exposed. The biologists have tried to explain through genealogy processes. Even though these studies have not been able to satisfy the society to accept the existence of bisexuality we shall discuss them to establish the extent at which biologist have tried to unravel the debate. They argue that a gene pre-disposing an individual to bisexual characteristics would spread in a population reflecting its spread in humans who are sexually reproducing species (Savolainen & Lehmann, 2007).

However, these biologists have not found any predisposing gene for homosexuality but evidence suggests that genetic controls are involved. The other issue is that these control genes may not be passed to the next generations because unlike heterosexuals, the homosexuals do not devote their time in reproductive sex thus halting the direct transfer of the underlying genes (Savolainen & Lehmann, 2007). The lack of understanding and interest in these biological suggestions has led to the society maintenance of its status of not accepting bisexuality existence.


According to the information available on the bisexuality, it is evident that there is so limited information available to the society. This is basically due to lack of research on bisexuality and the stigma associated with the phenomenon. The confusion of a bisexual on the social group to identify with complicates the persistence of the vice leaving it to be so secretive for the victims. The lack of special attention to them from health facilities leave them with no choice but to keep their secrets. Thus we can conclude that although the bisexual marriages do exist, people do not actually know much of its concepts leading to the common failure to accept the reality. Thus the community would prefer the whole issue about bisexuality to be silenced so as not to interfere with the current dual heterosexual and homosexual behaviors which have been widely accepted.

The Sources of Stigma essay

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