Fieldwork for anthropologists is very important because it ultimately serves as the foundation of them in the future when further research would be required. Through firsthand observation, documentation or recording, the anthropologist can come up with robust information that will guide in future efforts in research. What the anthropologist hears or sees in a given setting is thus important which in essence is what anthropologist fieldwork involves. It stretches the physical and mental endurance of the anthropologist. Fieldwork therefore trains with endurance for the anthropologist to achieve his goals. A good fieldworker in anthropology will thus come up with an authentic picture of the people who have been studied (Maurya 2-6).
There are quite a number of fieldworks which come along with a variety of benefits and challenges for anthropologists. As earlier mentioned fieldwork involves observation, documenting and recording of events as the anthropologist sees and hears (Lewis 23-5). With such activities, the anthropologist gathers information that helps in establishing a new concept or idea concerning the cultural, linguistics, physical or the archeological aspects of humanity. It requires endurance for the anthropologist to attain the objective of the research work. All events and activities must correlate with each other well to be able to come up with a concrete finding on a particular subject (Maurya 2-6).
Some anthropologists when learning a new culture, they go to the fieldwork; the country or region where the culture is located and live there among the individual to learn, share, and deserved the culture. The fieldworker spends good time while making an observation of the people. The anthropologist must have or develop some qualities that are imperative at such a time involving intensive research work. Some people think that a good fieldworker is born with such qualities (Maurya 2-6).
While in the field work, the anthropologist makes observation from various perspectives. There are quite a number of challenges that the fieldworker faces while in the field. Initially, there is need to approach people who in most cases are skeptical of the researcher's mission and intents. These are people from a different originality with customs and values which are completely different. The anthropologist can be rejected. Therefore, what is expected of the anthropologist is to be strong in convincing and in their mind so as to create some influence that is needed to win the attention of the people and be accepted to work in their midst. It is a place which could mix up the fieldworker. This is because there are some things individuals merely say while other things they actually are serious about them. The researcher therefore must differentiate these because no one would love to speak ill about their community.
These things happen in whatever category of society. The educated and modern populations are also faced with the same challenge; no one wants to speak bad about the community. It becomes a tricky situation for the fieldworker. There can even be many occasions and moments of superstitions. Therefore, fieldwork takes into account high levels of concentration. Distractions cannot be avoided but the researcher must go past that. No matter what, shifting attention is not an option. The anthropologist living amongst the people being studied must always stay focused on the object of research.
Because the anthropologist doing fieldwork is far away from home, it may not be easy to find some intellectual stimulation from some company among the people. Therefore, self motivation is paramount to bear the agony and pain linked with the job at hand. The geographical regions in which anthropologists work have got different challenges with them (Harris 6-11). Poor terrain, high attitudes without enough oxygen and other difficulties always accompany the anthropologist in the field work which he must endure to stay focused on the goal.