Post colonialism is a post modern discourse on the reactions and analysis of colonialism. It also involves the legacy of culture. The major reason why people want to read and research on post colonial issues, is in order to know the impact of colonization on the colonized countries and what has been done to counter those effects. It is to understand the effect of colonialism in the cultures of the colonized and the colonizers. During the colonial era, Africa was portrayed as a continent that does not have history and were represented by western film makers.
The production of art in the African Countries has been in the rise after the colonial era. Many Africans have discovered the importance of art in the society. As much as they used to have art, it was still premature and just done on social occasions. It was not commercialized.
Cinema is a theatre where people go and watch movies, plays and any aesthetic piece. African film gained recognition in the 1960s and 1970s where the first African film on the "black girl" gained recognition in the international scene. The first African film writer was from Senegal and he narrated on a story of a young girl who walked in a French home as a house help. He explained the atrocities that the girl went through because of her race. Sembene is now considered as the father of cinema in Africa. (Martin 1995)
Africa created its own forum in the film industry in the 1969 where they held a festival in Burkina Faso and since then the festival takes place once in every two years. The Federation of African Film Makers was established in 1969 so as to nurture the talent of the Africans and develop the film industry in terms of film production and its distribution to the exhibitions. The federation also looked at the relationship and relevance of film in the cultural and socio political development of the African countries.
The second African film to be recognized is the Soleil O by Med Hondo which also talked much of racism. It described the challenges a black person goes through in a white community. The first African film summit was held in South Africa in 2006. The African film however is not locally received. Most African theatres show the Hollywood films and the Bollywood ones. The African media is predominantly airing the western films giving no avenue to the African films.
African films mainly focus on the contrast between the traditional days and the modern times. Their themes are mainly on social issues and political dynasty. They focus on neo-colonialism and their contemporary state. It is much of digging in to their history and narrating it to the world. The African film makers remind the young generations of Africans on where they have come from and the importance of knowing their history. This has for some time now attracted the westerners who want to do research on African issues.
Despite the many stereotypes on the role of women in the society, there are women film makers that have been recognized by the international community. Some of them include Safi Faye, Sarah Maldoror among others. These women have shown the African society the contribution of women in the social activities of the continent.
The African film has, however, had a tremendous growth and the evolution of the Nigerian film has taken the African Cinema to a whole different height. The continent is now positioning itself in the world of film making.