What Is a Process Essay and How to Produce It

A piece of writing that can be broken down into several types depending on the aim of writing is called a process essay. This paper can:

  • Give instructions on how to do something
  • Explain how a particular object works

Such kind of a process essay provides guidelines for doing something. After reading the paper, there should not be any questions about how to do a particular thing. It should be noted that a process essay may give directions on how to:

  • Get married
  • Plant flowers
  • Install some apps on your mobile phone
  • Choose a good tourist resort

Explain How a Particular Thing Works

The purpose of this type of process essay is to provide readers with useful information on how something works. Note that all points of your paper have to be clear so that readers understand everything properly after treading it. This type of a work can describe different processes. For example, your paper may state how:

  • A plane flights
  • Different laws are adopted
  • Plants generate oxygen
  • The members of a musical contest are selected


The purpose of the introductory section is to present the issue you are going to discuss to readers. A thesis statement is usually written in the last sentence of the introductory paragraph. It should explain how the described thing should be done or how the difficulty should be resolved. For instance, you may discuss an acute problem the teenagers may have and show how it can be overcome. When covering such a topic, it is necessary to present the opinion of a qualified expert in a specific field. It is required to analyze the problem in detail so that it is possible to suggest a good solution to it. When creating such a paper, it does not mean you have to talk about real people and their problems. You may generally describe the problems teenagers may have.

Writing an Introduction

The best way of creating a good introduction is to introduce the issue and present its solution in a thesis statement. Pay attention to the following example:

“A few days ago, Tom said his daughter to eat breakfast. However, Jane (the daughter) refused and threw the food away. A little bit later, Tom gave Jane some food again. Still, his daughter performed the same action. Tom was irritated and decided to address a child psychologist.”

The extract presented above clearly states the problem and offers its solution.

Body Section

In order not to miss any points when describing a particular process, you need to make a detailed plan. Additionally, it is necessary to indicate the tools readers may need to use when following the described procedure. The most important thing is that you have to be well aware of the process you are discussing. Thus, you will be able to provide readers with coherent explanations. After writing the body, make sure all stages of the process are described logically.

Composing Body Paragraphs

Each paragraph should describe a particular stage of the process. Remember to start every paragraph with a topic sentence introducing the issue you are going to cover. Let us analyze the aforementioned example. First, it is necessary to understand why a child behaves in such a way. Obviously, a child wants to attract father’s attention. In case any means are required to overcome the problem, you should mention it in the first paragraph. Below there is one more example:

“Before dealing with a broken microwave oven, make sure you have all the necessary tools. Check whether you have a screwdriver, etc.”


When producing a concluding paragraph, you need to remind readers of the discussed situation and a possible way out of it. Note that a concluding section may sometimes give a warning about a risk one may face if not following instructions to the letter. Additionally, it may provide useful suggestions on how to avoid difficulties when going through the described process.

Creating a Concluding Section

A conclusion is focused on restating the main points of the paper. It specifies the actions readers should perform in case of difficulties. Take a look at the example given below:

“If your child behaves inappropriately during breakfast or dinner, you should follow the directions given by a child psychologist. Nevertheless, beware of following them when…”

Make Smooth Transitions

It is required to use transition words relating to time, as the described steps are usually organized in a chronological order. Additionally, check whether all punctuation marks are placed properly. The transitions presented below will help you describe the process well:

  • First, it is worth …
  • The next thing is to …
  • Then, you need to …
  • Before taking further actions, …
  • Afterwards, you should…
  • Finally, it is necessary to …